GNU Emacs Manual. Node: Frames

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Chapter 15: Frames and X Windows

When using the X Window System, you can create multiple windows at the X level in a single Emacs session. Each X window that belongs to Emacs displays a frame which can contain one or several Emacs windows. A frame initially contains a single general-purpose Emacs window which you can subdivide vertically or horizontally into smaller windows. A frame normally contains its own echo area and minibuffer, but you can make frames that don't have these---they use the echo area and minibuffer of another frame.

Editing you do in one frame also affects the other frames. For instance, if you put text in the kill ring in one frame, you can yank it in another frame. If you exit Emacs through C-x C-c in one frame, it terminates all the frames. To delete just one frame, use C-x 5 0.

To avoid confusion, we reserve the word ``window'' for the subdivisions that Emacs implements, and never use it to refer to a frame.

Emacs compiled for MS-DOS emulates some aspects of the window system so that you can use many of the features described in this chapter. See MS-DOS Input, for more information.

  • Mouse Commands Moving, cutting, and pasting, with the mouse.
  • Secondary Selection Cutting without altering point and mark.
  • Mouse References Using the mouse to select an item from a list.
  • Menu Mouse Clicks Mouse clicks that bring up menus.
  • Mode Line Mouse Mouse clicks on the mode line.
  • Speedbar How to make and use a speedbar frame.
  • Creating Frames Creating additional Emacs frames with various contents.
  • Multiple Displays How one Emacs job can talk to several displays.
  • Special Buffer Frames You can make certain buffers have their own frames.
  • Frame Parameters Changing the colors and other modes of frames.
  • Scroll Bars How to enable and disable scroll bars; how to use them.
  • Menu Bars Enabling and disabling the menu bar.
  • Faces How to change the display style using faces.
  • Font Lock Minor mode for syntactic highlighting using faces.
  • Support Modes Font Lock support modes make Font Lock faster.
  • Highlight Changes Using colors to show where you changed the buffer.
  • Misc X Iconifying and deleting frames. Region highlighting.
  • Non-Window Terminals Multiple frames on terminals that show only one.
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