List Buffers Buffers Kill Buffer
Toggle read-only status of buffer (
||Change the name of the current buffer.|
|M-x rename-uniquely||Rename the current buffer by adding `|
||Scroll through buffer buffer.|
A buffer can be read-only, which means that commands to change
its contents are not allowed. The mode line indicates read-only buffers
%%' or `
%*' near the left margin. Read-only buffers are
usually made by subsystems such as Dired and Rmail that have special
commands to operate on the text; also by visiting a file whose access
control says you cannot write it.
If you wish to make changes in a read-only buffer, use the command
C-x C-q (
vc-toggle-read-only). It makes a read-only buffer
writable, and makes a writable buffer read-only. In most cases, this
works by setting the variable
buffer-read-only, which has a local
value in each buffer and makes the buffer read-only if its value is
nil. If the file is maintained with version control,
C-x C-q works through the version control system to change the
read-only status of the file as well as the buffer. See Version Control.
M-x rename-buffer changes the name of the current buffer. Specify the new name as a minibuffer argument. There is no default. If you specify a name that is in use for some other buffer, an error happens and no renaming is done.
M-x rename-uniquely renames the current buffer to a similar name
with a numeric suffix added to make it both different and unique. This
command does not need an argument. It is useful for creating multiple
shell buffers: if you rename the `
*Shell*' buffer, then do M-x shell again, it makes a new shell buffer named `
meanwhile, the old shell buffer continues to exist under its new name.
This method is also good for mail buffers, compilation buffers, and most
Emacs features that create special buffers with particular names.
M-x view-buffer is much like M-x view-file (see Misc File Ops) except that it examines an already existing Emacs buffer. View mode provides commands for scrolling through the buffer conveniently but not for changing it. When you exit View mode with q, that switches back to the buffer (and the position) which was previously displayed in the window. Alternatively, if you exit View mode with e, the buffer and the value of point that resulted from your perusal remain in effect.
The commands M-x append-to-buffer and M-x insert-buffer can be used to copy text from one buffer to another. See Accumulating Text.List Buffers Buffers Kill Buffer