Kill Buffer Buffers Indirect Buffers
The buffer-menu facility is like a ``Dired for buffers''; it allows you to request operations on various Emacs buffers by editing an Emacs buffer containing a list of them. You can save buffers, kill them (here called deleting them, for consistency with Dired), or display them.
Begin editing a buffer listing all Emacs buffers.
buffer-menu writes a list of all Emacs buffers into
the buffer `
*Buffer List*', and selects that buffer in Buffer Menu
mode. The buffer is read-only, and can be changed only through the
special commands described in this section. The usual Emacs cursor
motion commands can be used in the `
*Buffer List*' buffer. The
following commands apply to the buffer described on the current line.
Request to delete (kill) the buffer, then move down. The request
shows as a `
|C-d||Like d but move up afterwards instead of down.|
|s||Request to save the buffer. The request shows as an `|
|x||Perform previously requested deletions and saves.|
|u||Remove any request made for the current line, and move down.|
||Move to previous line and remove any request made for that line.|
The d, C-d, s and u commands to add or remove flags also move down (or up) one line. They accept a numeric argument as a repeat count.
These commands operate immediately on the buffer listed on the current line:
Mark the buffer ``unmodified.'' The command ~ does this immediately when you type it.
|%||Toggle the buffer's read-only flag. The command % does this immediately when you type it.|
|t||Visit the buffer as a tags table. See Select Tags Table.|
There are also commands to select another buffer or buffers:
Quit the buffer menu---immediately display the most recent formerly visible buffer in its place.
|Immediately select this line's buffer in place of the `|
|o||Immediately select this line's buffer in another window as if by
C-x 4 b, leaving `|
|C-o||Immediately display this line's buffer in another window, but don't select the window.|
|1||Immediately select this line's buffer in a full-screen window.|
|2||Immediately set up two windows, with this line's buffer in one, and the
previously selected buffer (aside from the buffer `|
|b||Bury the buffer listed on this line.|
|m||Mark this line's buffer to be displayed in another window if you exit
with the v command. The request shows as a `|
|v||Immediately select this line's buffer, and also display in other windows any buffers previously marked with the m command. If you have not marked any buffers, this command is equivalent to 1.|
buffer-menu does directly is create and switch to a
suitable buffer, and turn on Buffer Menu mode. Everything else
described above is implemented by the special commands provided in
Buffer Menu mode. One consequence of this is that you can switch from
*Buffer List*' buffer to another Emacs buffer, and edit there.
You can reselect the `
*Buffer List*' buffer later, to perform the
operations already requested, or you can kill it, or pay no further
attention to it.
The only difference between
buffer-menu switches to the `
*Buffer List*' buffer
in the selected window;
list-buffers displays it in another
window. If you run
list-buffers (that is, type C-x C-b)
and select the buffer list manually, you can use all of the commands
The buffer `
*Buffer List*' is not updated automatically when
buffers are created and killed; its contents are just text. If you have
created, deleted or renamed buffers, the way to update `
*Buffer List*' to show what you have done is to type g
revert-buffer) or repeat the