GNU Emacs Manual. Node: Tags

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20.13: Tags Tables

A tags table is a description of how a multi-file program is broken up into files. It lists the names of the component files and the names and positions of the functions (or other named subunits) in each file. Grouping the related files makes it possible to search or replace through all the files with one command. Recording the function names and positions makes possible the M-. command which finds the definition of a function by looking up which of the files it is in.

Tags tables are stored in files called tags table files. The conventional name for a tags table file is `TAGS'.

Each entry in the tags table records the name of one tag, the name of the file that the tag is defined in (implicitly), and the position in that file of the tag's definition.

Just what names from the described files are recorded in the tags table depends on the programming language of the described file. They normally include all functions and subroutines, and may also include global variables, data types, and anything else convenient. Each name recorded is called a tag.

  • Tag Syntax Tag syntax for various types of code and text files.
  • Create Tags Table Creating a tags table with etags.
  • Select Tags Table How to visit a tags table.
  • Find Tag Commands to find the definition of a specific tag.
  • Tags Search Using a tags table for searching and replacing.
  • List Tags Listing and finding tags defined in a file.
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