Minor Modes Customization Keyboard Macros
A variable is a Lisp symbol which has a value. The symbol's name is also called the name of the variable. A variable name can contain any characters that can appear in a file, but conventionally variable names consist of words separated by hyphens. A variable can have a documentation string which describes what kind of value it should have and how the value will be used.
Lisp allows any variable to have any kind of value, but most variables
that Emacs uses require a value of a certain type. Often the value should
always be a string, or should always be a number. Sometimes we say that a
certain feature is turned on if a variable is ``non-
that if the variable's value is
nil, the feature is off, but the
feature is on for any other value. The conventional value to use to
turn on the feature---since you have to pick one particular value when you
set the variable---is
Emacs uses many Lisp variables for internal record keeping, as any Lisp program must, but the most interesting variables for you are the ones that exist for the sake of customization. Emacs does not (usually) change the values of these variables; instead, you set the values, and thereby alter and control the behavior of certain Emacs commands. These variables are called user options. Most user options are documented in this manual, and appear in the Variable Index (see Variable Index).
One example of a variable which is a user option is
specifies the position of the right margin (as a number of characters from
the left margin) to be used by the fill commands (see Filling).