Physical Review Letters -- April 10, 1995
Volume 74, Issue 15, pp. 2945-2948
Conservation of magnetic helicity during plasma relaxation
The change in magnetic energy and magnetic helicity has been measured during the sawtooth relaxation in the Madison Symmetric Torus reversed-field pinch. The larger decay of the energy (4.0%-10.5%), relative to helicity decay (1.3%-5.1%), modestly supports the helicity conservation hypothesis in Taylor's relaxation theory. However, the observed helicity change is larger than the simple magnetohydrodynamics prediction. Enhanced fluctuation-induced helicity transport during the relaxation is observed.
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