Introduction to the Unix Cluster. Node: MailCrossPost

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7.3: Mail Cross Posted to News Group and BULLETIN

Mail sent to the pppl, abstracts, tftr_physics, and certain other mailing lists is now cross posted to news and BULLETIN. If you use news or BULLETIN, you may prefer to receive the information this way.

The correspondence is:

    Mailing list         Newsgroup            BULLETIN folder
    pppl                 pppl.general         NEWS
    abstracts            pppl.library         LIBRARY
    tftr_physics         pppl.tftr.physics    pppl.tftr.physics
    outages              pppl.outage          OUTAGE
    APS/AIP mailings*

(* Robert Park's `What's new' and AIP's FYI mailings.)

On Unix platforms, you can access news via Emacs (M-x gnus), rn, trn.

On VMS platforms, you can use BULLETIN.

On Mac/PC platforms, you can use various news readers (see the HELPDESK for details). You need to set your news server to

On most platforms, you can use WWW browsers (lynx, netscape), with a URL of, e.g., news:pppl.general

The Newsgroup postings don't expire, so news constitutes a convenient archive.

7.4: Mail Attachments

Many people receive E-mail attachments encoded in various ways (base64, binhex). This note describes how users of the Unix Cluster can read such attachments. The steps are:

  1. decode the attachment
  2. the attachment may be directly viewable on the Unix Cluster. If not, then use WinDD to open a window on a Windows NT machine to view it. (Or else use a Mac or a PC.)

    If you read your E-mail using Rmail in Emacs, decoding your attachments is easy. When looking at a message with attachments, type "!". This will create a buffer "*metamail*" with the decoded message. Exactly how the decoded attachments are displaying will depend on the type of attachment. For example, gif files may be displayed directly on your screen.

    The most common (and from a Unix user's point of view the most troublesome) sorts of attachment, are MS Word documents and the like encoded with binhex or base64. You should see a message stated that these have been unpacked into a directory `~/PC/incoming'.

    In order to go back to reading your E-mail in Emacs, type C-x k RET to kill the "*metamail*" buffer.

    If you use some other E-mail reading program, then you need to arrange to pipe you message through the metamail program, e.g., with metamail < /tmp/message



    Presuming that the attachment is in a format which requires MS Word (or whatever) to read, then if you are running on a X-capable desktop (i.e., an X terminal, Unix console, Mac running MacX, etc.), you can view it by running WinDD to connect to the Windows NT machine, Alternatively you can access the file directly from a Mac or a PC.

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